When it comes to careers in finance and banking, the opportunities are vast and diverse. Whether you're considering a career change or entering the workforce for the first time, understanding the different paths available can help you discover your ideal career in this dynamic industry. In this blog post, we'll explore the various job classifications and positions within finance, providing valuable insights to help you navigate your finance career journey 😉.
Types of Employers
The Corporate Finance Institute broadly categorizes the finance and banking industry into four types of employers. Sell-side banks, buy-side institutions, corporates, and professional services firms each offer unique career prospects. To gain a deeper understanding of these areas, you can refer to the CFI Career Map, which provides real-world insights into the many careers in finance and banking.
Professional Services Firms
CFI Career map
Categorizing Roles in Finance
Finance and banking offer a wide range of roles that cater to diverse skill sets and interests. The CFA Institute classifies these roles into three main categories:
Quantitative & Analytical Roles: These roles involve data analysis, risk management, and research, such as data scientist, data analyst, research analyst, risk analyst & manager, and forex currency trader.
Client-Facing Roles: These roles focus on serving clients and managing their financial needs, including financial analysts, private wealth managers, and investment consultants.
Transaction-Focused Roles: These roles revolve around investment banking, investment strategy, trading, and portfolio management. Examples include investment bankers, investment strategists, stockbrokers, sales & trading professionals, and private equity associates.
Visit the CFA webpage to learn more about these different roles and the skills required to work in them (link: https://www.cfainstitute.org/en/programs/cfa/charterholder-careers/roles )
In financial job descriptions, you may come across terms like "front office," "middle office," and "back office." These terms serve as general categorizations for the primary activities within sell-side firms. While buy-side firms may not use these exact terms, their departments perform functions that align with those of sell-side firms.
Front Office: This encompasses client-facing activities that directly generate revenue for the firm. Examples include trading, portfolio management, sales, and customer service.
Middle Office: The middle office consists of core support activities that enable the firm's services to be carried out successfully. It includes functions such as risk management, information technology (IT), corporate finance, portfolio management, and research.
Back Office: The back office is responsible for housing the administrative and support functions necessary to run the firm smoothly. It includes departments like accounting, human resources, payroll, and operations. These departments may not interact directly with clients, focusing more on internal operations and administrative tasks.
Financial background: A solid educational background is essential for most financial services jobs, with many employers preferring candidates who hold a bachelor's degree in finance, accounting, business management, or economics. Advanced degrees such as an MBA or professional certifications like the CFA charter and CPIM Certification can enhance career opportunities. Additionally, certain transferable skills like interpersonal communication, attention to detail, teamwork, analytical competency, and a strong understanding of the financial system are highly valued across finance roles
Unrelated Field: Transitioning from an unrelated field to a finance job is possible with the right knowledge and preparation. Familiarize yourself with the finance industry and financial regulations to improve your chances of success. Understanding how financial markets work and developing the necessary skills will be crucial in making a successful career change.
Assessing Your Fit: Key Skills to Consider when Breaking into Finance
When considering a career in finance, it's essential to assess whether your talents align with the required skills. The following skills are highly transferrable across various finance roles, regardless of their designation in the buy side or sell side, or their position in the front, middle, or back office:
Interpersonal communication: The ability to effectively communicate with colleagues, clients, and stakeholders is crucial in finance roles.
Attention to detail: A keen eye for detail ensures accuracy in financial analysis, risk assessment, and compliance.
Teamwork and relationship building: Collaborating effectively with team members and building strong relationships fosters a supportive and productive work environment.
Analytical competency and critical thinking: Strong analytical skills enable the interpretation and evaluation of financial data, facilitating informed decision-making.
Knowledge of global current events: Staying informed about economic trends, market developments, and global events is essential for understanding the financial landscape.
Understanding of the financial system: A solid foundation in finance principles, regulations, and industry practices is necessary for success in finance roles.
Exploring finance careers can be both exciting and daunting. From sell-side banks to buy-side institutions, corporates to professional services firms, the opportunities within the finance industry are diverse and multifaceted. By understanding the different roles and career paths available, as well as the skills required to succeed, you can chart your own course in finance. Remember, building a successful career in finance is not limited to traditional backgrounds, and with dedication and continuous learning, anyone can thrive in this dynamic industry.
As you embark on your finance journey, take the time to assess your interests, strengths, and passions. Continuously seek opportunities for growth and learning, whether through formal education or professional certifications. Surround yourself with a network of mentors and peers who can provide guidance and support along the way.
At Inspire Her Finance, we believe that every woman has the potential to excel in finance and make a meaningful impact. We encourage you to explore the various career paths within finance, discover your true calling, and unleash your full potential. Together, let's break barriers, empower women in finance, and shape a future that is inclusive, diverse, and prosperous for all.